The American Curl is a medium size cat with either a semi-longhaired or shorthaired coat. Its ears curl back and away from the head, creating a surprised expression. The American Curl is a relatively new breed of cat, after only being developed in southern California in 1981.
The ideal weight for an American Curl is 3-5 kg (7-11lbs)
A healthy American Curl should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of between 13-15 years.
The average litter size is arround 3-5 kittens.
The most distinguishing feature of the American Curl is the way its ears turn backwards in a crescent shape. This is due to a genetic change in the cartilage of the ear. The gene that controls this characteristic is the dominant gene, so a cat that has one gene for straight ears and one for curled ears, will have curled ears.
American Curl kittens are actually born with straight ears, and their ears don’t start to turn outwards until a couple of days after birth. American Curls are prone to sunburn and skin cancer as the inner part of the ear is exposed to UV light.
The American Curl is an affectionate, undemanding and intelligent cat. It is a breed which is quite content to live in an apartment and have an indoor life. It tends to be quiet and un-vocal compared to oriental breeds.
Sadly, American Curls are rarely seen here in the U.K. and they are not recognised by the G.C.C.F. so do not feature in cat shows.