The Borzoi is a tall, lean and graceful dog with a slightly arched back.

Borzoi breed group

The Borzoi belongs to the hound group.

Size of the Borzoi

The Borzoi is a  large dog. It is a tall dog that weighs much less than many dog breeds of a similar size.

Country of origin


Time of original development

The Borzoi’s exact origins are unclear, but it’s thought to have been developed from the Saluki which has been recorded back to the 9th and 10th century. The Borzoi with its impressive speed was used to hunt and bring down large animals such as bears, boar and wolves.

Borzoi Breed introduction and overview

The Borzoi is also known as the Russian Wolfhound, and its name literally means ‘fast’ in Russian. It’s a striking dog with long, lean limbs, a narrow skull and silky long coat. The coat protected the dog against the harsh weather when hunting on land and sometimes even water.

This is not the easiest dog to own, as it has a detached and aloof temperament as well as the natural roaming instinct of the hound dog.

Borzoi temperament

The breed is generally placid and loving around the home, but has a independent and detached temperament. It can be aloof with strangers. The Borzoi has a sensitive side as well as a dislike of too much handling or rough play making it unsuitable for families with young children.

Borzois may not tolerate cats, and exposure to any smaller pets should be avoided.The sheer size of this breed may make it an unsuitable and impractical choice of dog for many homes.This breed is best suited to a owner with good knowledge of the Borzoi breed.

Size and weight of the Borzoi

Height bitch around 66cms

Height dog around 71cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 27-41kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 34-48kgs

Colour varieties of the Borzoi

The breed comes in a vast assortment of colours which include:

  • Black & White
  • Black Brindle
  • Black Sable
  • Blue
  • Blue & White
  • Blue Brindle
  • Blue Sable
  • Cream
  • Cream & White
  • Cream Brindle
  • Cream Sable
  • Fawn & White
  • Fawn Brindle
  • Fawn Sable
  • Gold & White
  • Gold Brindle
  • Gold Sable
  • Grey
  • Grey & White
  • Grey Brindle
  • Grey Sable
  • Lemon
  • Lemon & White
  • Lemon Brindle
  • Mahogany
  • Mahogany & White
  • Mahogany Brindle & White
  • Mahogany Sable
  • Red & White
  • Red Brindle
  • Red Sable
  • Red Sable & White
  • Self Black
  • Self Fawn
  • Self Gold
  • Self Red
  • Silver
  • Silver & White
  • Silver Brindle
  • Silver Sable
  • Tortoiseshell
  • Tortoiseshell & White
  • Tricolour
  • White
  • White & Black
  • White & Blue
  • White & Cream
  • White & Fawn
  • White & Gold
  • White & Grey
  • White & Lemon
  • White & Mahogany
  • White & Red
  • White & Red Sable
  • White & Silver
  • White & Tortoiseshell
  • Wolf Sable

Exercise requirements of the Borzoi

An energetic and athletic breed that requires at least an hour of vigorous exercise daily off the lead. The Borzoi is a big dog and needs plenty of space in a family home. It’s not a dog suited to urban living. This dog needs access to plenty of secure, open spaces to exercise adequately.

Is the Borzoi a good dog for a first time dog owner?

No. This dog is not suggested for a novice owner. The dog is difficult to train and can be stubborn. It is best suited to an owner with experience of the breed.

Borzoi coat length

Medium. The Borzoi has a long, silky coat that can be straight or slighty wavy.

Grooming requirements of the Borzoi

Medium. The coat requires grooming several time a week to keep it tangle free. A soft slicker brush is the perfect tool for the coat of the Borzoi

Ears need to be cleaned and checked regularly for any sign of infections.


No. The Borzoi sheds hair steadily throughout the year, making it an unsuitable choice of dog for allergy sufferers.

Health issues in the Borzoi

The Borzoi is a fairly healthy dog, but owners should talk to their breeder about the following health issues that have been found in the breed:

  • Bloat
  • Cancer
  • Heart Problems
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Borzoi

A healthy Borzoi should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of between 12-13 years.

Approximate Borzoi pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay around £500 for a puppy, and be aware that available litters of puppies are few and far between. There were only 100 puppies registered with the Kennel Club in 2016. Register your interest with established reputable breeders, so they can notify you when a litter is due. You may have to travel long distances to find your suitable puppy. There are generally 1-11 puppies in the average litter.

Estimating how much a Borzoi would need to be fed each day

A bitch weighing 30kgs requires 365gms of complete dry food daily.

A dog weighing 40kgs requires 436gms of complete dry food daily.

The weekly cost of feeding a 30kgs bitch is around £9.00

The weekly cost of feeding a 40kgs dog is around £10.75

Our figures are based on feeding an ‘above average quality’ and popular complete dry food bought from a leading supermarket. A good quality feed is suggested for the energetic dogs in the hound group.

Other financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for essential pet treatments and procedures that are not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and fleas preparations
  • Annual Vaccination boosters
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment