Brittany Spaniel

The Brittany or Brittany Spaniel is a lively, energetic medium-sized gundog originating from France, that thrives on hard work and an active lifestyle.

Brittany breed Group


Size of Brittany

Medium. An athletic squarish well- muscled dog.

Country of origin


Time of original development

The Brittany can be traced back in France to the 17th century. The breed is fairly new to the U.K. and was only recognised here in 1907.

The Brittany through History

A competent and versatile working dog used for hunting, pointing and retrieving on shoots in its native France. Now owned primarily as a good family pet or companion dog. This energetic breed thrives on being outdoors and has achieved good results at field trials.

Brittany breed introduction and overview

The Brittany, also often referred to as the Brittany Spaniel, is one of the smaller dog breeds in the gundog category. It’s a lively dog with boundless energy and enthusiasm for work. It retains a strong hunting instinct and has an excellent hunting nose.

Brittany temperament

The Brittany is generally a good, reliable family dog with a friendly and sociable nature. It’s known to be gentle natured, with a slightly sensitive personality that likes to please. It’s usually excellent with children and other dogs. As with all gundogs with their natural hunting instinct, extreme caution should be used around smaller pets such as birds, rabbits, gerbils and hamsters.

Socialiisation skills and regular training sessions should be introduced from an early age to prevent roaming and running off.

Colour varieties of the Brittany

The breed comes in a variety of colours including:

  • Orange & White
  • Liver & White
  • Black & White
  • Tri-colour
  • Roan - describes a coat with an even mixture of white hairs mixed with pigmented hairs.

Size and weight of the Brittany

Height bitch 47-50cms

Height dog 48-51cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 20-23kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 20-23kgs

Exercise requirements of the Brittany

An energetic and athletic breed that requires at least 2 hours of vigorous exercise on a daily basis off the lead. The Brittany also requires plenty of mental stimulation to prevent this active and intelligent dog becoming bored. Lack of stimulation can result in unwanted behaviour around the home, such as separation anxiety. This breed is suited to an active and physically fit owner with the necessary time to devote to it.

The Brittany is a great lover of the outdoors, and not a breed that is suited to city life.

Is the Brittany a good dog for a first time dog owner?

Yes, as it’s easy dog to train due to its high level of intelligence and enthusiasm. However, serious thought and consideration should be given before taking on a Brittany due to the physical demands of this dog to ensure optimum mental and physical health. This breed should only be considered by a physically active owner with adequate space and time to devote to this dog.

Brittany coat length

The Brittany is a striking dog with a glossy medium length coat with fine featherings. It is a single coated breed. The soft wavy featherings are found on the ears, backs of legs and abdomen and vary in length and thickness from dog to dog.

Grooming requirements of the Brittany

Medium. The coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangles. The feathers in particular are prone to burrs due to the hunting nature of the breed, and knots should be gently brushed through with a soft slicker brush to keep the coat in good condition. Brittany owners should keep a careful eye on ears for ticks, thorns and possible signs of infection.


No. The breed sheds lightly throughout the year, so not a suitable choice of dog breed for allergy sufferers.

Health Issues in the Brittany

The Brittany is generally a healthy dog, but potential owners should be aware of the following known problems that have been reported in the breed:

  • Hip Dysplasia - known to be present in the breed, so ensure your puppy has been hip scored with the breeder.
  • Epilepsy
  • DLE- Discoid Lupus Erythematosus is a serious and distressing condition that causes ulceration on the nose, followed by the lips, eyes and genitals resulting in the complete destruction of skin tissue.
  • Ears Problems - Ear should be checked on a daily basis for any signs of infection, foreign bodies and ticks.
  • As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source, where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoid the possibility of inherent physical and psychological diseases that may occur in the breed.

Average lifespan of the Brittany

A healthy dog can expect to enjoy a higher than average lifespan of between 12-15 years.

Approximate Brittany pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay from £500 for a puppy, and be aware that puppies are quite difficult to find. There can be between 1-11 puppies in an average litter. There were just 111 puppies registered with the Kennel Club in 2015.

Insuring a Brittany

The Brittany is a medium sized dog so insurance is around average compared to other similar sized dogs. Remember that whatever your pet insurance premium starts out at, premiums will always rise with your pet’s age from around four years of age. On-going illnesses or new conditions that your dog develops will also affect your annual insurance premiums from then on.

Estimating how much a Brittany would need to be fed each day

A bitch weighing 20gs will require around 283gms of complete dry food daily depending on physical activity levels. A dog weighing 23kgs will require around 306gms of complete dry food daily depending on physical activity levels.

A bitch weighing 20kgs will cost £5.65 per week to feed.

A dog weighing 23kgs will cost around £7.40 per week to feed.

Our figures are based on feeding an ‘above average quality’ and popular complete dry food, bought from a leading supermarket on the high street. A good quality feed is suggested for the energetic dog breeds in the gundog group.

Other necessary financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for vet treatments and procedures not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and flea treatments
  • Annual vaccination boosters
  • Neuturing and spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment