The Dalmatian is a large, athletic and well-muscled dog with a distinctive short white coat covered in either brown or black spots.

Dalmatian breed group


Size of the Dalmatian


Colour varieties of the Dalmatian

The breed comes in either liver or black spots on a white coat.

Country of origin

Croatia and Greece

Dalmatian Breed introduction and overview

The Dalmatian is an elegant, lean yet well muscled dog with liver or black spots on a short sleek white coat.

Dalmatian temperament

The Dalmatian is a lively, sociable and vibrant dog. It is generally a good family, being good with children and affectionate. The Dalmatian may be a bit large for families with small children.

The breed is normally sociable and playful with other dogs, but care should be taken around cats. Contact with other small family pets should be avoided. Dalmatians are intelligent requires socialisation skills from an early age. The Dalmation can be wary of strangers and makes a good guard dog around the home.

Size and weight of the Dalmatian

Height bitch 56-58cms

Height dog 58-61cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 16-35kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 16-35kgs

Exercise requirements of the Dalmatian

The Dalmatian is a very athletic dog that requires at least 2 hours of exercise every day. Lack of physical exercise and mental stimulation can quickly result in unwanted behaviour such as separation anxiety.

Is the Dalmatian a good dog for a first time dog owner?

Yes, but new owners should be aware of the very high levels of exercise and stimulation this breed requires. The Dalmatian is also a large dog that needs plenty of space. It may be an impractical size for some family homes.

Dalmatian coat length

Very short and sleek, the fur lies close to the body.

Dalmatian Grooming requirements

Low. The Dalmatian simply requires a weekly brush with a bristle brush or hound glove to add a sheen to the coat. Ears should be checked and cleaned regularly. Dogs with large areas of white fur may require a dog sunscreen during periods of warm weather.


No. The Dalmatian sheds fur steadily throughout the year, making it an unsuitable choice of dog for allergy sufferers.

Health Issues in the Dalmatian

The Dalmatian is a fairly healthy dog, but do consult your breeder on known health issues recorded in the breed including:

  • Deafness - around 30% of Dalmatians have a hearing inpediment.
  • Liver problems
  • Gout
  • Kidney stones

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Dalmatian

A healthy Dalmatian should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of between 10-13 years.

Approximate Dalmatian pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay from £500-£650 for a pedigree puppy. Litters are often available. There are generally 6-9 puppies in an average litter. 990 Dalmatian puppies were registered with the Kennel Club in 2015.

Estimating how much a Dalmatian would need to be fed each day and weekly cost

A bitch or dog weighing 25kgs requires 330gms of complete dry food per day. A bitch or dog weighing 25kgs will cost around £8 per week to feed.

Our figures are based on feeding an ‘above average quality’ and popular complete dry food bought from a leading supermarket.

Other financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for essential pet treatments and procedures that are not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and fleas preparations
  • Annual Vaccination boosters
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment