The Leonberger originates from Germany and was developed from crossing the Newfoundland and the St. Bernard. The Leonberger is a large dog with a lion-like mane and a thick double coat, consisting of a harsh top coat and a soft undercoat.

Leonberger Breed Group


Size of the Leonberger


Country of Origin

Leonberg in Germany

Time of original development

The Leonberger was developed in 1840 by the mayor of Leonberg.

Leonberger temperament, socialisation with children, other dogs and other pets

The Leonberger is a confident, loyal dog who is generally good with children and other dogs. The giant Leonberger however, may be unsuitable for families with younger children. Care should be taken with all other pets around the home. The Leonberger makes a great guard dog.

Size and weight of the Leonberger

Height bitch 65-75cms

Height dog 72-80cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 40-60 kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 54-77 kgs

Colour Varieties of the Leonberger

The Leonberger comes in a variety of colours including:

  • Gold
  • Gold With Black Mask
  • Golden Red & Black Mask
  • Lion & Black Mask
  • Lion Red With Black Mask
  • Red
  • Red & Black
  • Red Black Mask
  • Red Brown & Black Mask
  • Red Gold & Black Mask
  • Red With Black Muzzle
  • Sandy

Exercise requirements of the Leonberger

High. The Leonberger needs at least 2 hours of exercise, preferably off the lead. Lack of exercise or mental stimulation can quickly result in unwanted and destructive behaviour including separation anxiety. Prospective Leonberger owners should give careful thought to the time commitment and exercise requirements of this large, athletic breed.

Is the Leonberger a good dog for a first time dog owner?

No. The breed requires an experienced handler.The Leonberger may also be an unsuitable size for many family homes.

Leonberger coat length


Grooming requirements of the Leonberger

Medium. The Leonberger requires regular brushing with a soft slicker brush to remove dead fur and keep the coat matt and tangle free.

Ears should be checked on a regular basis for foreign bodies and parasites such as thorns, brambles and ticks.


No. The Leonberger sheds throughout the year making it an unsuitable choice of dog for allergy sufferers.

Health Issues in the Leonberger

The breed is generally healthy and has a lengthy expected lifespan. But all new owners should consult their breeder about the following known health issue:

  • Bloat

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Leonberger

A healthy dog can expect to enjoy a leifespan of around 8-9 years.

Estimating how much a Leonberger would need to be fed each day

A bitch weighing 50kgs requires 509gms of complete dry food per day.

A dog weighing 60kgs requires 570gms of complete dry food per day.

Approximate weekly cost of feeding a Leonberger bitch is £12.50

Approximate weekly cost of feeding a Leonberger dog is £14.00

We have based our estimates on feeding an above average quality popular dog food bought from a high street supermarket.

Other necessary costs to consider when owning any dog

Remember to budget for other expenses that are not covered by pet insurance including:

  • Worming treatments
  • Flea treatments
  • Annual booster vaccinations
  • Dental treatment
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping

Many veterinary practices now offer monthly budget schemes allowing you to spread the cost of routine and preventative treatments throughout the year.