The Newfoundland is a large dog with a thick, plush double coat and webbed feet. The Newfoundland was developed in Northeast Canada and belongs to the working group.

Newfoundland Breed Group


Size of the Newfoundland


Colour varieties of the Newfoundland

The Newfoundland comes in a variety of colours which include:

  • Black
  • Black & White
  • Brown
  • Brown & White
  • Grey
  • Landseer
  • White & Black

Country of Origin


The Newfoundland through History

The Newfoundland was developed in Canada in the 16th century.. It was kept by fishermen and proved the ideal dog for trawling fishermen's carts and pulling in nets. It was also the perfect dog for  lifesaving and rescue with its love of water and distinctive webbed feet. Its thick, water resistant, double coat provided protection against the icy waters of Newfoundland. . The Newfoundland was also kept by lumberjack who used the immense power of this giant breed to pull logs.

Today the breed is mainly kept as a companion pet, but can still be found working in rescue work in water.

Size and weight of the Newfoundland

Height bitch around 66cms

Height dog around 71cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 50-54.5kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 64-69kgs

Exercise requirements of the Newfoundland

The Newfoundland requires around an hour of exercise daily, but exercise should be gentle and monitored for the first year to prevent damage to growing bones and ligaments. This dog requires plenty of space, and totally unsuitable for people living in apartments.

Newfoundland temperament

The Newfoundland is renowned for being a gentle giant, and aggression in the breed is extremely rare. It has a kind, docile and sweet nature. The Newfoundland loves people, especially children. Families with young children should be careful about selecting this breed of dog, simply because the sheer size and weight of this dog could lead to accidental accidents with toddlers.

The breed is normally good with other dogs, but care should be taken around cats and contact with other smaller pets should be avoided.

The Newfoundland has a distinctive oily, musky smell, which some owners may find offensive. The breed is prone to dribbling and slobbering as well. The Newfoundland also struggles in warm weather with its thick and heavy coat, so care should be taken to ensure the Newfoundland does not overheat in warm weather.

The Newfoundland should not be over exercised as a puppy and excessive jumping up and down should be discouraged, to prevent damaging the growing ligaments in this dog.

The breed is a competent and keen swimmer.

Is the Newfoundland a good dog for a first time dog owner?

No. The Newfoundland does require an experienced owner with a good understanding of the breed. The sheer size of the Newfoundland may make the breed unsuitable for many family homes.

New owners should be aware of the high costs that come with big breeds such as the Newfoundland. Feeding, routine preventative treatments, insurance and veterinary procedures will be way above average for this breed of dog.

Newfoundland coat length

Medium. The thick double coat is water-resistant, straight and lays flat to the body.

Grooming requirements of the Newfoundland

High. The Newfoundland has a thick, oily double coat and being water-resistant is quick to dry after walking in wet conditions or swimming. However the coat requires daily brushing with a large soft slicker brush to remove tangles and matts.

The size and weight of the Newfoundland makes it impractical to bath at home. Your Newfoundland may require a twice yearly bath and freshen up by a professional groomer 2-3 times per year. Expect to pay from £100 for a professional grooming session.

Ears should be checked and cleaned regularly.


No. This breed sheds so is an unsuitable choice for allergy sufferers.

Health Issues in the Newfoundland

The Newfoundland is prone to some health problems, and prospective owners should consult their breeders about the following known issues in the breed.

  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Newfoundland

A healthy Newfoundland should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of up to 8-10 years.

Approximate Newfoundland pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay around £800-£1,000 for a pedigree Newfoundland puppy. Litters are frequently available.

There are generally 4-12 puppies in an average litter.

Estimating how much a Newfoundland would need to be fed each day

A bitch weighing 50kgs requires 509gms of complete dry food daily.

A dog weighing 65kgs requires 601gms of complete dry food daily.

The weekly cost of feeding a 50kgs bitch is around £14.00

The weekly cost of feeding a 65kgs dog is around £15.00

Our figures are based on feeding an above average quality and popular complete dry food bought from a leading supermarket. A good quality feed is suggested for the energetic dogs in the working group.

Other financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for essential pet treatments and procedures that are not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and fleas preparations
  • Annual Vaccination boosters
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment