The Pomeranian is a small Spitz type dog that takes its name from the Pomerania region in Central Europe. It is fox-like in appearance and is renowned for its friendly and extrovert personality. The Pomerian belongs to the toy group of dogs.

Pomeranian breed group


Size of the Pomeranian


Country of origin

Germany and Poland

Pomeranian breed introduction

The Pomeranian is a small barrel-shaped dog with a thick, plush coat. It has a fox-like head and often looks to be smiling. The Pomeranian is affectionately known as the Pom Pom, or simply the Pom. It is the smallest of the Spitz-type dog to come out of Central Europe. Despite its small stature, the Pomeranian is a confident, lively and courageous little dog. It is intelligent and quick to learn. Although friendly and outgoing, the Pom can have an unpredictable streak, and is prone to snappiness. Training from an early age is essential to prevent the Pom from attempting to become pack leader, which in turn can quickly lead to unwanted behaviour such as guarding food and separation anxiety. The Pom can be a fussy eater. It is also a  very vocal dog around the home, making it a good guard dog.

Pomeranian temperament, socialisation with children, other dogs and other pets

The Pomeranian is a confident, friendly and alert little dog. It tends to form a very close bond to its owner and is often very protective. It can be problematic with other dogs, sometimes being aggressive. Early socialisation and training is essential to prevent dominant behaviour in this feisty little dog. The Pomeranian is not ideally suited to families with small children due to its snappy nature. Contact with other small pets should be avoided.

Colour varieties of the Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is available in a wide range of colours and markings including:

  • Beaver
  • Black
  • Black & Tan
  • Brown
  • Cream
  • Cream Sable
  • Light Brown
  • Orange
  • Orange & Cream
  • Orange & White
  • Orange Sable
  • Red
  • Red Sable
  • Sable
  • Sable & Grey
  • Sable & Orange
  • Sable & White
  • Shaded Red
  • Shaded Sable
  • White
  • Wolf Sable

Size and weight of the Pomeranian

Height bitches and dogs to withers: 5-11 inches (13-28 cms)

Weight bitches and dogs: 1.9-3.5 kilograms (4.2-7.7 lbs)

Exercise requirements of the Pomeranian

Low. The Pomeranian only requires around 30 minutes of exercise every day, making it an ideal choice of dog for the older or not-so-active owner.

Is the Pomerian a good dog for the first time owner?

No. The Pomerian is ultimately a one-person dog, who should have good experience and knowledge of the breed.

Pomeranian coat length

Medium. The Pomeranian has a thick double coat, consisting of a soft downy undercoat and a long and straight outer coat. The slightly harsh outer coat stands away from the body, forming a ruff of fur around the neck and longer fringes on the hind quarters.

Grooming requirements of the Pomeranian

High. The Pomeranian's coat is prone to matting, so daily grooming with a soft slicker brush is required. Ears should be checked and cleaned on a regular basis.


No, the Pomeranian sheds heavily throughout the year, so is an unsuitable choice of dog for allergy sufferers.

Health issues in the Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a fairly hardy dog breed with a high life expectancy, but owners should consult their breeder about the following health issues that have been found in the breed including:

  • Luxating patella
  • Tracheal collapse

Average lifespan of the Pomeranian

A healthy pomeranian should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of between 12-16 years.

Approximate Pomeranian puppy price

Expect to pay from at least £700 for a pedigree puppy. Puppies can cost right up to £1,200.