The Pomeranian is a small Spitz type dog that takes its name from the Pomerania region in Central Europe. It is fox-like in appearance and is renowned for its friendly and extrovert personality. The Pomerian belongs to the toy group of dogs.
Germany and Poland
The Pomeranian is a small barrel-shaped dog with a thick, plush coat. It has a fox-like head and often looks to be smiling. The Pomeranian is affectionately known as the Pom Pom, or simply the Pom. It is the smallest of the Spitz-type dog to come out of Central Europe. Despite its small stature, the Pomeranian is a confident, lively and courageous little dog. It is intelligent and quick to learn. Although friendly and outgoing, the Pom can have an unpredictable streak, and is prone to snappiness. Training from an early age is essential to prevent the Pom from attempting to become pack leader, which in turn can quickly lead to unwanted behaviour such as guarding food and separation anxiety. The Pom can be a fussy eater. It is also a very vocal dog around the home, making it a good guard dog.
The Pomeranian is a confident, friendly and alert little dog. It tends to form a very close bond to its owner and is often very protective. It can be problematic with other dogs, sometimes being aggressive. Early socialisation and training is essential to prevent dominant behaviour in this feisty little dog. The Pomeranian is not ideally suited to families with small children due to its snappy nature. Contact with other small pets should be avoided.
The Pomeranian is available in a wide range of colours and markings including:
Height bitches and dogs to withers: 5-11 inches (13-28 cms)
Weight bitches and dogs: 1.9-3.5 kilograms (4.2-7.7 lbs)
Low. The Pomeranian only requires around 30 minutes of exercise every day, making it an ideal choice of dog for the older or not-so-active owner.
No. The Pomerian is ultimately a one-person dog, who should have good experience and knowledge of the breed.
Medium. The Pomeranian has a thick double coat, consisting of a soft downy undercoat and a long and straight outer coat. The slightly harsh outer coat stands away from the body, forming a ruff of fur around the neck and longer fringes on the hind quarters.
High. The Pomeranian's coat is prone to matting, so daily grooming with a soft slicker brush is required. Ears should be checked and cleaned on a regular basis.
No, the Pomeranian sheds heavily throughout the year, so is an unsuitable choice of dog for allergy sufferers.
The Pomeranian is a fairly hardy dog breed with a high life expectancy, but owners should consult their breeder about the following health issues that have been found in the breed including:
A healthy pomeranian should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of between 12-16 years.
Expect to pay from at least £700 for a pedigree puppy. Puppies can cost right up to £1,200.