The Pug is a small dog with a flat, wrinkled face and a distinctive tail that curls over its body. The Pug belongs to the Toy group.

Pug breed group


Size of the Pug


Country of origin


Time of original development

The Pug is believed to have been descended from dogs imported to Europe from their native China during the 16th century. The Pug was a popular choice of dog with royalty and the aristocracy.

Pug Breed introduction and overview

Also known as the Chinese Pug, Dutch Bulldog, Dutch Mastiff and Mini Mastiff, the Pug is one of the most popular dogs in the UK  today. It is a small, cobby dog with a flat, wrinkled face and a short glossy coat. The breed has a curly tail that curls over its back. The Pug is a compact dog, solid well-muscled dog.

Pug temperament

The Pug is a cheerful, affectionate dog with bags of personality. It rarely shows aggression making it an ideal family dog. It enjoys human company, and normally good with other dogs.

It can normally live happily side-by-side with cats as long as socalised from an early age.

Colour varieties of the Pug

The breed comes in a variety of colours which include:

  • Apricot
  • Black
  • Fawn
  • Silver

Size and weight of the Pug

Height bitch 25-30cms
Height dog 30-36cms
Weight (kilos) bitch 6-8kgs
Weight (kilos) dog 6-9kgs

Exercise requirements of the Pug

Low. The Pug requires around 30 minutes of exercise daily.

Is the Pug a good dog for a first time dog owner?

Yes, the Pug is easy to train and is a practical size for nearly all family homes.

Pug coat length

Short. The glossy coat is short and low maintenance.

Grooming requirements of the Pug

Low. The short no-fuss coat requires little grooming, although a regular brushing with a good quality bristle brush will add a lovely sheen to the coat.

The folds of skin on the Pug's face need to be kept clean with warm water and ears checked and cleaned regularly.


No. The Pug sheds fur steadily throughout the year, making it an unsuitable choice of dog for allergy sufferers.

Health issues in the Pug

Pugs can be prone to obesity, so food portions should be monitored. Pugs can also suffer from various health issues, due to the short muzzle. Prospective owners should consult their breeder about the following known problems in the breed:

  • Allergies
  • Pug Dog Encephalitis
  • Eye problems

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Pug

A healthy Pug should expect to enjoy a lifespan of between 12-15 years.

Approximate Pug pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay around £600-£1,000 for a puppy, and litters are normally available. There are generally 3-5 in the average litter.

Estimating how much a Pug would need to be fed each day

A dog or bitch weighing 7kgs will cost around £3.50 per week to feed.

Other financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for essential pet treatments and procedures that are not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and fleas preparations
  • Annual Vaccination boosters
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment