The Rottweiler is a large, stocky well-muscled dog with a short, shiny black & tan coat. It is an excellent guard dog and forms part of the working group.

Rottweiler Breed Group


Size of the Rottweiler


Colour varieties of the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler comes in just the one colour pattern of Black & Tan.

Country of Origin


Time of original development

The Rottweiler can be traced back in history to the Roman Empire.

The Rottweiler’s uses through History

The Rottweiler was originally used to herd livestock, as well as pulling carts to markets containing meat. It is still used today as an excellent guard dog, and thrives on working. It can also be seen working with the police, search and resuce services and also as a guide dog.

Rottweiler temperament, socialisation with children, other dogs and other pets

The Rottweiler is a dog to be treated with respect, due to its genetic herding and guarding instinct. The breed is generally confident, obedient, placid and very devoted with its owners. The breed can display aggression if not owned responsibly. The Rottweiler makes a surperb guard dog around the home.

With the correct levels of exercise, mental stimulation, socialisation and training the Rottweiler makes a good pet, although care should be taken around children, cats and other family pets. The Rottweiler requires an owner with good knowledge and healthy respect for this industrious, hard working dog.

Size and weight of the Rottweiler

Height bitch 56-63cms

Height dog 61-69cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 35-48kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 50-60kgs

Exercise requirements of the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is an energetic and athletic breed that requires around 2 hours of exercise every day. This dog requires plenty of living space indoors and outside making it an  unsuitable choice of dog for people living in apartments.

Is the Rottweiler a good dog for a first time dog owner?

No. The Rottweiler does require an experienced and physically fit owner with a good understanding of the breed. The sheer size of the Rottweiler may make the breed unsuitable for many family homes.

New owners should be aware of the high costs that come with big breeds such as the Rottweiler, feeding, routine preventative treatments, pet insurance and veterinary procedures will be above average for this dog.

Rottweiler coat length

Short. The Rottweiler has a thick, but short double coat.

Grooming requirements of the Rottweiler

Low. The Rottweiler requires just a rub down with a hound brush or chamois leather to bring out a lovely sheen to the coat.

The size and weight of the Rottweiler makes it impractical to bath at home. Your dog may require a twice yearly bath and freshen up by a professional groomer 2-3 times per year. Expect to pay from £100 for a professional grooming session.

Ears should be checked and cleaned regularly.


No. This breed sheds throughout the year, so is an unsuitable choice for allergy sufferers.

Health Issues in the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is prone to some health problems, and prospective owners should consult their breeders about the following known issues in the breed.

  • Cancer
  • Eye problems
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Prone to obesity

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Rottweiler

A healthy Rottweiler should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of around 8-10 years.

Approximate Rottweiler pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay around £500-£1,000 for a pedigree Rottweiler puppy. Litters are frequently available.

There are generally 8-12 puppies in an average litter.

Estimating how much a Rottweiler would need to be fed each day

A bitch weighing 40kgs requires 436gms of complete dry food daily.

A dog weighing 50kgs requires 509gms of complete dry food daily.

The weekly cost of feeding a 40kgs bitch is around £11

The weekly cost of feeding a 50kgs dog is around £12.50

Our figures are based on feeding an above average quality and popular complete dry food bought from a leading supermarket. A good quality feed is suggested for the energetic dogs in the working group.

Other financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for essential pet treatments and procedures that are not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and fleas preparations
  • Annual Vaccination boosters
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment