The Samoyed is a large dog that was originally used to pull sleds for nomadic reindeer herders in Siberia. Its plush thick white coat, cheerful temperament and ‘smiling face’ makes this dog a popular companion pet in the UK today.

Samoyed breed group


Size of the Samoyed


Colour varieties of the Samoyed

The breed comes in a small variety of colours and markings including:

  • White
  • White & Biscuit
  • White & Cream

Country of origin

Northwest Russia and Western Siberia

The Samoyed through history

The Samoyed was originally used to pull sleds, herding, guarding and keeping their owners warm!

Samoyed introduction and overview

The Samoyed is a striking dog with a thick white coat and dark eyes. The tail curls over its back and its facial expression creates the impression the dog is smiling. Indeed this handsome dog has a cheerful and happy temperament, and it is rare to find an aggressive or bad tempered Samoyed.

The Samoyed is often referred to as the ‘smiley’ or simply a sammy.

Due to its natural instinct to pull sleds, Samoyeds often pull on the lead, so requires a fit, strong and energetic owner!

Size and weight of the Samoyed

Height bitch 46-51cms

Height dog 51-56cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 16-20.5kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 20.5-30kgs

Exercise requirements of the Samoyed

The Samoyed is an energetic and athletic dog that requires 2 hours of exercise daily.

Samoyed temperament, socialisation with children, other dogs and other pets

The Samoyed is a friendly and affectionate dog that enjoys companionship. It is normally good with children and aggression in the breed is rare. It is sociable with other dogs, and with good socialisation skills can live alongside cats and other family pets. Owners with young children may find the Samoyed will instinctively try to pull children around, so should always be supervised.

samoyed is a vocal dog

The Samoyed is a vocal dog breed!

The Samoyed is an intelligent dog, and excels at agility, obedience and even flyball. The Samoyed can be a vocal dog, but is not a good guard dog.

Is the Samoyed a good dog for a first time dog owner?

Yes. But owners should be aware of the very high exercise levels the breed requires and the considerable time that needs to be devoted to grooming this striking dog.children due to the inherent ‘nippy’ nature of the dog.

Samoyed coat length


Grooming requirements of the Samoyed

High. The thick double coat needs daily brushing with a soft slicker brush to keep it in good condition. Pads need to be checked regularly, as fur can grow quickly between the pads. Ears should be cleaned and checked regularly for any sign of infection and foreign bodies such as ticks.


No. This breed sheds throughout the year making it an unsuitable choice for allergy sufferers.

Health issues in the Samoyed

The Samoyed does suffer from various genetic disorders, and owners should consult their breeder about the following known health issues in the breed:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Diabetes
  • Heart problems

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Samoyed

A healthy Samoyed should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of between 12-13 years.

Approximate Samoyed pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay up to £1,000 for a Samoyed puppy, and litters are often available. There are generally around 4-6 puppies in an average litter.

Estimating how much a Samoyed would need to be fed each day

A bitch weighing 20kgs requires 283gms of complete dry food daily.

A dog weighing 25kgs requires 330gms of complete dry food daily.

The weekly cost of feeding a 20kgs bitch is around £7.00

The weekly cost of feeding a 25kgs dog is around £8.00

Our figures are based on feeding an ‘above average quality and popular complete dry food bought from a leading supermarket. A good quality feed is suggested for the energetic dogs in the pastoral group.

Other financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for essential pet treatments and procedures that are not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and fleas preparations
  • Annual vaccination boosters
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment