Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog with a long, fine silky coat. Although it is called the Yorkshire Terrier, this feisty, confident dog actually belongs to the toy group.

Yorkshire Terrier breed group


Size of the Yorkshire Terrier


Country of origin

Great Britain

Time of original development

The Yorkshire Terrrier was developed in Yorkshire in the 1850s, when it was known as the Black and Tan Terrier. It became the Yorkshire Terrier in 1870.

Yorkshire Terrier Breed Introduction and Overview

The Yorkshire Terrier is a popular companion dog that actually belongs to the toy group, and not the terrier group as the name suggests. It’s a small dog, with a big personality, and one of our most popular breeds in the UK  today.

Yorkshire Terrier temperament

The breed is generally a good family dog, but its terrier nature may make some dogs nippy with young children, so care should be taken around youngsters. It’s a confident breed for its small stature, and also prone to barking if allowed. The Yorkshire Terrier is happiest with one owner, and forms a strong protective bond with its master. The breed can live with cats, but early socialisation is vital to create a harmonious relationship and care should be around other smaller pets, due to their inherited hunting instinct.

Colour varieties of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier comes in a variety of colours which include:

  • Black & Tan
  • Black Blue & Tan
  • Blue & Tan
  • Blue Steel & Tan
  • Steel Blue
  • Steel Blue & Tan
  • Steel Blue Black & Tan
  • Steel Grey & Tan

Size and weight of the Yorkshire Terrier

Height bitch 15-17cms

Height dog 15-17cms

Weight (kilos) bitch 3-3.5kgs

Weight (kilos) dog 3-3.5kgs

Exercise requirements of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier requires around 30 minutes of exercise daily, making it an ideal breed for the older or not-so-active owner.

Is the Yorkshire Terrier a good dog for a first time dog owner?

Yes, the Yorkshire Terrier is easy to train, and a practical size for owners living in cities and apartment blocks.

Yorkshire Terrier coat length

Long. The straight glossy coat if left grows to the floor. Most Yorkshire Terriers are clipped unless they are owned as show dogs.

Grooming requirements of the Yorkshire Terrier

High. The long silky coat requires daily brushing with a soft slicker brush to prevent the build up of matts and tangles. The Yorky benefits from regular professional grooming sessions to keep the coat a manageable length. The breed feels the cold, and may require a coat in cold and wet conditions.

Ears need to be cleaned and checked regularly for any sign of infections and foreign bodies such as ticks.


Yes. The Yorkshire Terrier does not shed, therefore may be a suitable choice for allergy sufferers.

Health issues in the Yorkshire Terrier

The breed is fairly healthy, but new owners should check with their dealer about the following known health issues:

  • Eye infections
  • Tooth decay

As with all pedigree dogs, it is very important to obtain a puppy from a reputable source where you can be guaranteed that it has been bred with a view to avoiding the inherent physical and psychological diseases of the breed.

Average lifespan of the Yorkshire Terrier

A healthy Yorky should expect to enjoy a life expectancy of around 12-16 years.

Approximate Terrier pedigree puppy price

Expect to pay around £300-£450 for a puppy, and litters are normally available. There are generally 2-4 puppies in the average litter.

Estimating how much a Yorkshire Terrier would need to be fed each day

A dog or bitch weighing 3kgs requires 93gms of complete dry food daily.

A dog or bitch weighing 3kgs will cost around £2.25 a week to feed.

Our figures are based on feeding an ‘above average quality’ and popular complete dry food bought from a leading supermarket.

Other financial costs to consider when owning any dog breed

Remember to budget for essential pet treatments and procedures that are not covered by pet insurance policies including:

  • Worming and fleas preparations
  • Annual Vaccination boosters
  • Neutering or spaying
  • Microchipping
  • Dental treatment