A basic guide to keeping Dwarf Cichlids.
• Cockatoo Cichlid
• Bolivian Rams
South America (many from Brazil), Central and West Africa
Minimum aquarium size - one pair of Apistogramma will be fine in a 450mm x 250mm x 250mm (18 x 10 x 10) aquarium, particularly if you are attempting to breed them. A 900mm x 380mm x 300mm (36 x 15 x 12) tank will hold several pairs of Dwarf Cichlids.
Temperature - Around 23o/28oC 73o/82oF, there is some fluctuation in nature.
Water parameters - ideally Dwarf Cichlids prefer soft acid water but over a period of time, can be changed over to neutral hard water. Water should be filtered. Small weekly water changes.
Habitat - Fine gravel/coarse sand. Rock-work to provide hiding places. Plants:may re-arrange the tank to suit themselves, in which case, the plants will be uprooted. Use plants attached to rock-work.
Providing they have enough tank space to set up their own territory, Dwarf Cichlids will live quite happily with one another.
Prefer live or frozen foods. Daphnia, Mosquito larvae are readily accepted. Some Dwarf Cichlids may accept dried foods.
Dwarf Cichlids may develop problems with White Spot. This can be treated with a proprietary compound.
Habitat - freshwater tropical aquarium
Sociability - quite good if there is enough space
Care - relatively easy though they can be prone to white spot
The Pet Owners Association are grateful to the Federation of British Aquatic Societies for the above information and image.