A basic guide to caring for Freshwater Angelfish.
Minimum aquarium size - one pair of Pterophyllum will be fine in an aquarium 600 x 380 x 300mm (24” x 15” x 12”) providing that it is glazed so that it is 24” tall rather than long, to give this ‘tall’ species enough depth of water. A 1200 x 380 x 450mm (48” x 15” x 18” high) tank will hold several pairs of Angelfish.
Temperature - 23oC to 28oC for general care. A rise of a couple of degrees is better for breeding.
Water parameters - ideally, Freshwater Angelfish prefer soft acid water but most specimens adapt to whatever comes out of the tap. Water should be filtered. Regular partial water changes are advised.
Habitat - fine gravel /coarse sand. Several clumps of ‘grassy’ plants (Vallisneria, Sagittaria) will provide resting places. Large pieces of inclined slate or thick ‘bamboo/cane’ sticks will make ideal spawning surfaces. Freshwater Angelfish will not destroy plants, although some broad-leaved specimens may be ‘over-cleaned’ and left a bit battered if not regarded as an acceptable spawning site.
Generally peaceful enough for a community collection. But adults may become territorial when spawning and other small fish in the aquarium (Neon Tetra size) may not be safe.
These fish are omnivorous. They relish live or frozen foods Daphnia or Mosquito larvae.
Generally hardy. When buying only select fish that are alert and swimming with fins erect. Inspect carefully for signs of disease. Reject lethargic, damaged or hollow bellied specimens.
Habitat - freshwater tropical aquarium
Sociability - good, however be vigilant with small fish if Freshwater Angelfish adults are spawning.
Care - easy
The Pet Owners Association are grateful to the Federation of British Aquatic Societies for the above information and image.